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基于分类监管与当量协同的碳市场框架设计方案
作者:
作者单位:

南瑞集团有限公司(国网电力科学研究院有限公司),江苏省南京市211106

摘要:

为尽快实现净零排放,积极应对气候变化,需要全球在碳源减排及碳汇增容2个方面取得更具变革性的突破。应对气候变化需要多种减排措施,其成本及效果均有较大差异,当前碳市场研究已为不同减排行为提供差异化的商品种类和激励力度,但如何具体确定并落实差异化激励力度以及如何协同不同商品种类间的交易流通,目前还缺乏统一分析框架和决策支撑方法。在能源领域的信息物理社会系统视角下讨论碳市场的调控机制设计,在详细剖析碳减排行为的多重属性及其交互机理的基础上,重新设计了碳市场不同商品间的交互框架,即商品内部遵循各自市场规律分类监管,商品间通过多层当量实现协调,注重碳减排和碳抵消行为的多重效益,规避由于刚性链接、离散调控、多头调控等问题所产生的市场冲击及市场振荡。通过基于混合仿真的沙盘推演,支撑碳市场架构设计及调控决策。

关键词:

基金项目:

国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFB0903000);国家电网公司科技项目(电网信息物理系统分析与控制的基础理论与方法,5455HJ170011)。

通信作者:

薛禹胜(1941—),男,通信作者,中国工程院院士,国网电力科学研究院有限公司名誉院长,博士生导师,主要研究方向:电力系统自动化。E-mail:xueyusheng@sgepri.sgcc.com.cn

作者简介:

黄杰(1983—),男,博士,高级工程师,硕士生导师,主要研究方向:电力碳排放及碳市场风险防控。E-mail:huangjie1@sgepri.sgcc.com.cn


Carbon Market Framework Design Based on Classified Regulation and Equivalent Coordination
Author:
Affiliation:

NARI Group Corporation (State Grid Electric Power Research Institute), Nanjing211106, China

Abstract:

To achieve zero net emission as soon as possible and actively mitigate climate change, it is necessary to make more revolutionary breakthroughs in both carbon emission reduction and carbon sink expansion. Climate change mitigation requires a variety of emission reduction measures, but different measures may have large differences in both cost and effectiveness. Existing carbon markets have provided different commodities and incentives for different emission reduction behaviors. However, there is a lack of unified analysis frameworks and decision support methods to answer questions like ‘how to achieve differentiated incentives’, ‘how to coordinate the trading between different commodities’. This paper re-examines carbon market regulatory mechanism design from the perspective of cyber physical social system in energy. Based on a detailed analysis of the multiple attributes and interaction mechanisms of carbon emission reduction behaviors, the interaction logics among different commodities in carbon market are re-designed. Each commodity market is regulated according to its respective market rules and different commodity markets are coordinated by multiple equivalents. The proposed mechanism focuses on the multiple benefits of carbon emission reduction and carbon offset behaviors to avoid market shocks and disturbances caused by rigid market links, discrete regulation and multi-end regulation. Sandbox derivation based on hybrid simulation can be utilized to provide decision support for market framework design and regulation.

Keywords:

Foundation:
This work is supported by National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2017YFB0903000) and State Grid Corporation of China (Basic Theories and Methods of Analysis and Control of the Cyber Physical Systems for Power Grid, No. 5455HJ170011).
引用本文
[1]薛禹胜,黄杰,王放,等.基于分类监管与当量协同的碳市场框架设计方案[J].电力系统自动化,2020,44(13):1-8. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20191008004.
XUE Yusheng, HUANG Jie, WANG Fang, et al. Carbon Market Framework Design Based on Classified Regulation and Equivalent Coordination[J]. Automation of Electric Power Systems, 2020, 44(13):1-8. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20191008004.
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  • 收稿日期:2019-10-08
  • 最后修改日期:2019-12-30
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-07-03
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