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澳大利亚电力监管机制及其对中国的启示
作者:
作者单位:

1.浙江大学电气工程学院,浙江省杭州市 310027;2.南方电网数字电网研究院有限公司,广东省广州市 510670;3.国网浙江省电力有限公司,浙江省杭州市 310007;4.国网浙江省电力有限公司金华供电公司,浙江省金华市 321000

摘要:

科学合理的电力监管体系能够有效地防范市场潜在风险、促进电力市场健康发展。随着中国电力现货市场建设的逐步推进,电力市场的监管机制再次受到电力市场设计者的关注。澳大利亚国家电力市场作为发展成熟的电力现货市场,在处理能源结构转型、开放电力市场竞争、完善电力监管体制等方面积累了丰富的实践经验。首先,介绍了澳大利亚国家电力市场特点和电力监管体系,阐述了其电力监管改革历程和电力监管机构职能;其次,深入分析了澳大利亚电力监管机构采用的电力市场评价指标体系及其评估方法;接着,对比分析了澳大利亚、欧洲和美国电力市场的监管机构评估机制,总结了澳大利亚电力监管机制的优势和目前存在的问题;最后,结合中国电力市场建设情况,对电力市场中能源电力法律法规体系、完善监管机构职能、加强监管信息化和健全评价机制等方面提出了相关建议。

关键词:

基金项目:

国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFB0901100)。

通信作者:

作者简介:

江昕玥(1999—),女,学士,主要研究方向:电力经济与电力市场。E-mail:weilingjxy@163.com
侯佳萱(1995—),女,硕士,主要研究方向:需求响应、电力市场。E-mail:houjiaxuan@zju.edu.cn
杨莉(1974—),女,通信作者,副教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向:电力市场、电力系统优化调度、分布式发电技术。E-mail:eeyangli@zju.edu.cn
吴华华(1977—),男,高级工程师,主要研究方向:电力市场、电力系统优化调度。E-mail:wu_huahua@zj.sgcc.com.cn


Electricity Regulatory Mechanisms in Australia and Its Enlightenment to China
Author:
Affiliation:

1.College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China;2.Digital Grid Research Institute of China Southern Power Grid, Guangzhou 510670, China;3.State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Co., Ltd., Hangzhou 310007, China;4.Jinhua Power Supply Company of State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Co., Ltd., Jinhua 321000, China

Abstract:

A scientific and reasonable electricity regulatory system can effectively prevent potential market risks and promote healthy development of electricity markets. With the increasing development of China’s electricity spot markets, the regulatory mechanism of electricity markets has once again attracted the attention of electricity market designers. As a mature electricity spot market, the Australian National Electricity Market has accumulated rich practical experience in dealing with the transition of energy structure, opening the electricity market competition, and enhancing the electricity regulatory system and so on. Firstly, the characteristics of the Australian National Electricity Market and the electricity regulatory system are introduced, and the history of its electricity regulatory reform and the functions of the electricity regulatory agencies are elaborated. Secondly, the electricity market evaluation index system and evaluation methods adopted by the Australian electricity regulatory agencies are analyzed in depth. Then, the assessment mechanisms of the regulatory agencies for the electricity markets in Australia, Europe and the United States are compared and analyzed, and the advantages and current problems of Australian electricity regulatory mechanism are summarized. Finally, combining with the development of domestic electricity markets in China, relevant suggestions are made on the energy and power legislation and regulation system in the electricity market, the improvement of the functions of the regulatory agencies, the deepening of the degree of the regulatory informatization, and the sound evaluation mechanism.

Keywords:

Foundation:
This work is supported by National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2016YFB0901100).
引用本文
[1]江昕玥,侯佳萱,吴华华,等.澳大利亚电力监管机制及其对中国的启示[J].电力系统自动化,2021,45(14):1-12. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20200628003.
JIANG Xinyue, HOU Jiaxuan, WU Huahua, et al. Electricity Regulatory Mechanisms in Australia and Its Enlightenment to China[J]. Automation of Electric Power Systems, 2021, 45(14):1-12. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20200628003.
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  • 收稿日期:2020-06-28
  • 最后修改日期:2021-01-13
  • 录用日期:
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-07-21
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