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规模化分布式能源参与大电网安全稳定控制的机制初探
作者:
作者单位:

1.电网智能化调度与控制教育部重点实验室(山东大学),山东省济南市 250061;2.南瑞集团有限公司(国网电力科学研究院有限公司),江苏省南京市 211106;3.智能电网保护和运行控制国家重点实验室,江苏省南京市 211106

摘要:

碳达峰、碳中和目标驱动能源结构转型,规模化分布式能源(DER)并网将成为一个突出问题。为保障大电网安全稳定运行、支撑可再生能源可持续消纳,探索DER参与大电网安全稳定控制的形式,提出基于虚拟电厂(VPP)的交互机制。首先,分析双碳目标下电力系统的衍变过程,剖析其安全稳定运行所面临的挑战。其次,阐述VPP的定义、组成结构和功能特征,揭示其整合海量异构型DER以与大电网友好交互的内涵。然后,构建基于多代理技术的VPP分层调控架构,提出其内部运行及参与大电网安全稳定控制的机制。最后指出,VPP是新型电力系统消纳高比例可再生能源的新型技术形态,该领域有若干技术问题需要重点关注。

关键词:

基金项目:

国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFB0902600);国家电网公司科技项目(SGJS0000DKJS1700840)。

通信作者:

作者简介:

曹永吉(1992—),男,博士后,主要研究方向:电力系统频率稳定分析与控制、可再生能源并网及储能技术应用。E-mail:caoyongji_sdu@163.com
张恒旭(1975—),男,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:电力系统同步测量与稳定控制。E-mail:zhanghx@sdu.edu.cn
施啸寒(1986—),男,通信作者,博士,助理研究员,硕士生导师,主要研究方向:储能及其在电力系统中的应用。E-mail:shixh@sdu.edu.cn


Preliminary Study on Participation Mechanism of Large-scale Distributed Energy Resource in Security and Stability Control of Large Power Grid
Author:
Affiliation:

1.Key Laboratory of Power System Intelligent Dispatch and Control, Ministry of Education (Shandong University), Jinan 250061, China;2.NARI Group Corporation (State Grid Electric Power Research Institute), Nanjing 211106, China;3.State Key Laboratory of Smart Grid Protection and Control, Nanjing 211106, China

Abstract:

The goals of achieving carbon peak and carbon neutrality will drive the energy structure transition, and the large-scale integration of distributed energy resource (DER) will become a prominent problem. In order to ensure the safe and stable operation of large power grids and support the sustainable accommodation of renewable energy, the form of DER participating in the security and stability control of large power grids is discussed, and an interaction mechanism based on virtual power plants (VPPs) is proposed. Firstly, the evolution of power systems driven by the dual carbon goals is analyzed, and the challenges faced by its safe and stable operation are analyzed. Secondly, the definition, composition structure and functional characteristics of the VPP are elaborated, and the connotation of integrating massive heterogeneous DERs to interact friendly with large power grids is revealed. Then, the hierarchical dispatch and control architecture of the VPP is built based on the multi-agent technology. And the mechanism of the inner operation and the participation in the security and stability control of large power grids of the VPP is proposed. Finally, it is pointed out that VPP is a new technology form that accommodates a high proportion of renewable energy in the new power system, and there are several technical issues in this field that need to be focused on.

Keywords:

Foundation:
This paper is supported by National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2017YFB0902600) and State Grid Corporation of China (No. SGJS0000DKJS1700840).
引用本文
[1]曹永吉,张恒旭,施啸寒,等.规模化分布式能源参与大电网安全稳定控制的机制初探[J].电力系统自动化,2021,45(18):1-8. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20210426006.
CAO Yongji, ZHANG Hengxu, SHI Xiaohan, et al. Preliminary Study on Participation Mechanism of Large-scale Distributed Energy Resource in Security and Stability Control of Large Power Grid[J]. Automation of Electric Power Systems, 2021, 45(18):1-8. DOI:10.7500/AEPS20210426006.
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  • 收稿日期:2021-04-26
  • 最后修改日期:2021-06-26
  • 录用日期:
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-09-16
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